Dysmenorrhea ( Period Pain )

Most cases of period pain are a normal part of your menstrual cycle and can usually be treated at home.

The period pain occurs when the muscular wall of the womb contracts. Very mild contractions continually pass through your womb, but they are usually so mild that most women cannot feel them. During your period, the wall of your womb starts to contract more vigorously, to encourage the lining of your womb to shed away as part of your monthly menstrual cycle.

When the muscular wall of your womb contracts, it compresses the blood vessels that line your womb. This temporarily cuts off the blood supply (and hence oxygen supply) to your womb. Without oxygen, the tissues in your womb release chemicals that trigger pain in your body.

While your body is releasing these pain-triggering chemicals, it is also producing another set of chemicals known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins encourage the womb muscles to contract further, therefore increasing the level of pain.

It is not yet known why some women experience more period pain than others. It has been suggested that some women may develop a build-up of prostaglandins, which means their contractions are much stronger than other women's.

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